Veranda Dentistry Logo
Browse by Page
Connect on Social Media
New Patients Start Here
Choose Your Location
Right Arrow Icon

Don’t Floss?! AP Implies to Skip It

Posted on August 12th, 2016

By Chad Johnson, DDS, FAGD

By all means, don’t floss. You’ll be joining millions who don’t. We’re told that 93% of the population doesn’t floss, so you’ll be in good company.

The recent Associated Press article (see link at end of article) claims that the federal government requires that dietary guidelines, such as flossing—which has been a recommendation since 1979—be updated every five years, including the scientific research to prove its efficacy. One major problem is that these research requirements are not funded, which puts the burden on other private groups to produce that research. But this is the point: we’re past that, and in general, dentistry is spending our efforts trying to improve oral health in many other ways. This federal government research requirement, by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, is the same group that promoted the food square for years, which was largely driven by special interest food lobbyists when drafted, and later changed to the food pyramid. No group wants to study the efficacy of flossing, just as much as no group wants to actually prove that breathing is essential to living. That said, we were taught in dental school that indeed, there is little large-scale research showing benefits of flossing, or brushing, for that matter. So, to introduce more chaos: find a scholarly article within the past five years (or ever) demonstrating that brushing your teeth is beneficial in any way. But alas, it does benefit you.

The surprising removal of the recommendation for daily flossing results only from a lack of scientific substance and methodology, not from a lack of impact on oral health. Previous research into benefits of flossing led to the 1979 recommendation for daily flossing by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. But the issue arises today in that the quality of that research does not stand up to the standards necessary to garner complete scientific acceptance.

The AP looked at the most rigorous research conducted over the past decade, focusing on 25 studies that generally compared the use of a toothbrush with the combination of toothbrushes and floss. The findings? The evidence for flossing is “weak, very unreliable,” of “very low” quality, and carries “a moderate to large potential for bias.”

Medical benefits of dental floss unproven; Associated Press; Jeff Don; Aug. 2, 2016

To expand on the analogy given above regarding the importance of breathing–if a study was conducted to evaluate whether or not breathing was essential to living with too few subjects, too short of duration, was non-repeatable, or did not meet a host of other criteria it too would not stand up to scientific review. Would this mean that breathing is not important to maintain life? Of course not. It only means the scientific research that exists at the moment is unsubstantial. Further, as stated previously, the economics of such a study would be difficult to justify, let alone find a sponsor.

Despite the poor quality of the research, flossing is still critical to maintaining a healthy mouth! How do we know this? Flossing is a two-fold in its conceptual goal: preventing bone death (periodontal disease) and preventing cavities. The mouth is full of bacteria that thrive on the simple sugars present in food and drinks. These bacteria accumulate and proliferate into dental plaque that break down the carbohydrates and excrete an acidic byproduct damaging the teeth and the gums. The short term consequence of this process is dental decay and gingivitis, inflammation that surrounds the teeth. These effects can be significantly mitigated at home by using a toothbrush to remove food debris and plaque from the exposed surfaces of the teeth and using floss to remove food debris and plaque from the hidden surfaces between your teeth. Long term, the undisturbed soft dental plaque will harden into deposits called calculus (or tartar) that will further damage the gums and may result bone degradation referred to as periodontal disease. This dynamic process is influenced by many factors, so individual experiences and progression will vary, but the general pattern remains. Your dentist will be able to discuss with you the factors that will play in to your personal risk for dental decay, gingivitis, and periodontitis.

Know this: flossing costs you 3 cents per day. One filling (e.g $200) will cost you more than 18 years of daily floss. One tooth extraction is similar in cost, if that tooth were necessary to remove, due to periodontal disease. So, these articles are ambiguous—are they suggesting that we don’t floss, or are they simply saying that no one will step up to the plate and fund the research to tell us something we already know: flossing works. Lastly, since when has a governmental agency been the authority on flossing, let alone anything else?

At Veranda Dentistry, we’re not overly pushy, and we get that people typically don’t floss. For the few that do, they’re sparing themselves extra visits, that’s all we’re saying.

To investigate more of the AP article, click here:

And other organizations that picked the article up:

Accessibility Options

Accessibility On Our Website

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 are recognized and acknowledged as the international standard measure of success. We regularly test our site to ensure we meet or exceed that standard and also consistently look for ways to improve the web site’s performance, speed, and accessibility.

We are committed to continuously improving access to our goods and services by individuals with disabilities. If you are unable to use any aspect of this website because of a disability, please call (515) 650-5531 and we will provide you with prompt personalized assistance.

If you have trouble seeing web pages, the US Social Security Administration offers these tips for optimizing your computer and browser to improve your online experience.

If you are looking for mouse and keyboard alternatives, speech recognition software such as Dragon Naturally Speaking may help you navigate web pages and online services. This software allows the user to move focus around a web page or application screen through voice controls.

If you are deaf or hard of hearing, there are several accessibility features available to you.

Closed Captioning
Closed captioning provides a transcript for the audio track of a video presentation that is synchronized with the video and audio tracks. Captions are generally visually displayed over the video, which benefits people who are deaf and hard of hearing, and anyone who cannot hear the audio due to noisy environments. Most of our website’s video content includes automated captions. Learn how to turn captioning on and off in YouTube.

Volume Controls
Your computer, tablet, or mobile device has volume control features. Each video and audio service has its own additional volume controls. Try adjusting both your device’s volume controls and your media players’ volume controls to optimize your listening experience.